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Saturday, October 13, 2018

Three PH Laws That You Might Be Breaking

A law is defined as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or government institutions to regulate behavior.  

As an ordinary citizen, we are fully aware of our obligation and duty to our society. There is no question that we have to pay our taxes and never do criminal offenses such as murder, theft, illegal drugs, etc. We are also fully aware that we need to follow traffic rules and regulations. However, there are some laws that may not have been fully disseminated or perhaps just taken for granted. 

Here are 3 Philippine laws that you might be unconsciously breaking: 

1. Presidential Decree No. 1563 Anti-mendicancy Law (1987) - Any person who abets mendicancy by giving alms directly to mendicants, exploited infants and minors on public roads, sidewalks, parks, and bridges shall be punished by a fine nor exceeding P20.00. 

According to former Secretary Judy Taguiwalo, “We encourage the public to continuously help us in our campaign to reach out to street kids and to safeguard children from all forms of abuse and violence. We need the participation of everyone, including private individuals and institutions. Let us work in solidarity with each other to build safer communities for children and other vulnerable and marginalized groups,” 

2. Republic Act No. 8491 - Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines(1997) - Any person or judicial entity which violates any of the provisions of this Act shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than Five thousand pesos (5,000.00) not more than Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00), or by imprisonment for not more than one (1) year, or both such fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court

When the National Anthem is played at a public gathering, whether by a band or by singing or both, or reproduced by any means, the attending public shall sing the anthem. The singing must be done with fervor.

As a sign of respect, all persons shall stand at attention and face the Philippine flag, if there is one displayed, and if there is none, they shall face the band or the conductor. At the first note, all persons shall execute a salute by placing their right palms over their left chests. Those in military, scouting, citizen’s military training and security guard uniforms shall give the salute prescribed by their regulations. The salute shall be completed upon the last note of the anthem.

The anthem shall not be played and sung for mere recreation, amusement or entertainment purposes except on the following occasions:

a. International competitions where the Philippines is the host or has a representative;
b. Local competitions;
c. During “signing off” and “signing on” of radio broadcasting and television stations;
d.Before the initial and last screening of films or before the opening of theater performances; 
e. Other occasions as may be allowed by the Institute.

Read related story last November 19, 2017 about Man arrested for not standing during the national anthem in a movie theater

3. Republic Act 10909 - No Shortchanging Act of 2016 - An act prohibiting business establishments from giving insufficient or no change to consumers and providing penalties therefore. This means that sellers can now be sued for not giving due change or "candies."

Any violation of this Act shall be fined Php 500 or 3% of gross sales for the first offense, P5,000 or 5% of gross sales for the second offense, and P15,000 or 7% or gross sales and a three-month suspension of operations. The fourth offense will result in a fine of P25,000 and total closure of the establishment.

Sharing is caring. Send this reminder to all 
your family and friends. 

Disclaimer: This is not written by a legal expert and may be subject to a different interpretation. This article is written to provide information and reminder to all readers. For any legal problem or concern, consult your lawyer. 


  1. Two out of the three laws mentioned above are in force in India too.
    I never give out alms or money to beggars in Delhi, who in my mind, are rascals of the first order.

  2. I was aware that these laws were existing here in Ph, but sad to say, it was never really strictly implemented. And I mean ALL of these laws stated here! It's quite frustrating sometimes, but yeah, I wish people and authorities would give more importance to laws passed. After all, they are for the benefit of everyone :)

  3. Ya. Agree with you and Swayam. Such laws are here in India too. But seldom followed. Especially the change part. If the change is small, dont expect it back, may be a candy sometimes though!

  4. The third one is quite funny because this used to happen a lot in my home country. Every time you would go to the shop, the seller would say that they don't have enough change and give you a gum in return. But people have revolted after a while all over the country and this practice had to stop.

  5. This is so helpful - thank you! Husband is a lawyer and a consultant for congress and I didn't even know these! Hahaha. Saw on the news that someone broke rule #2 in a movie house. He was arrested. Will be more mindful of breaking rule #1 as well.

  6. That is a good elaborate post on your anthem, rules and regulations. We have some similar rules here. But I wish the rules are followed strictly, sincerely and from heart.

  7. I know of all the law, but the other parties ma not know about them. Like the beggars who asked for money in the street. I always do not give anything to them.

    This should be taught in schools and at home too. I might add this in one of my classes next time.

  8. I only recently discovered that it is actually illegal to give alms so whenever I see beggars on the street or the jeepney, I think twice before handing out a bill or a bunch of coins to a poor street kid :(

    I am also not aware that there is a law that actually compels sellers to give exact change. You will encounter these cashiers everywhere, whether in small shops or at the mall, telling you they don't have 25 cents or something. I guess it is also up to the establishment owners to orient their staff about this law they are breaking.

    Thanks for sharing these helpful bits of information!

  9. Wow! Didn't know these Philippine Law, though! I'm starting to practice these.

  10. oh my gosh.. this is really worth sharing.. I didn't know that giving alms to street kids is prohibited by law but I really agree that doing such will only make them more dependent and lazy when they grow up... No 3 is also big surprise to me

  11. Luckily I am not breaking these laws. But yeah you are right, a lot of people are not aware of these so better yet share this post which is what I am doing now! I am curious if people can report jeepney drivers who smoke cigarettes while driving. There is an EO against smoking in public right?

  12. I wasn't aware these were laws. For me they seemed more like courtesies but it's helpful to know. I saw the man who was jailed for not standing when the anthem played. The last one should be strictly enforced. It happens plenty of times!